Judo Brown Belt (Sankyu) Requirements

Ne-Waza (Techniques on the Ground)

  • Blue Belt with two stripes in BJJ (Covers all groundwork requirements)

Tachi-Waza (Standing Techniques)

  • 16 Throws (Two Throws on both sides)
  • 14 Combinations (Can be throw to throw, or throw to pin, or throw to submission)
  • 12 Throw Defenses
  • 6 Counter Throws
  • 4 Griping Systems
  • 4 Grip Breaks

Competition Points

  • You need 6 Competition Points
  • How to Earn them:
    • Entering Local Tournament (1 point)
    • Entering State or Regional Tournament (2 points)
    • Beating an opponent 2 ranks below your own (1/2 point)
    • Beating an opponent 1 rank below your own (1 point)
    • Beating an opponent your own rank (2 points)
    • Beating an opponent 1 rank above your own (3 points)
    • Beating an opponent 2 ranks above your own (4 points)
    • Winning in State or Regional Level (minimum 6 in division) 4 points
    • Placing in State or Regional Level (minimum 6 in division) 2 points


1. Attention!: Kiyotsuke
2. Bow: Rei
3. Begin!: Hajime
4. Stop!: Matte
5. Practice hall for judo: Dojo
6. Teacher: Sensei
7. Sitting on knees: Seiza
8. Sitting crossed legged: Anza
9. Following foot walking: Tsugi Ashi
10. Normal walking: Ayumi Ashi
11. Judo uniform: Judogi/Gi
12. Judo practitioner or player: Judoka
13. Person performing technique: Tori
14. Person receiving technique: Uke
15. Left: Hidari
16. Right: Migi
17. Falling methods or ways: Ukemi
18. Falling methods to the rear: Koho Ukemi
19. Forward rolling falling: Zempo Kaiten Ukemi
20. Free practice: Randori
21. Formal prearranged routine practice: Data
22. Tournament: Shiai
23. (Straw, Japanese) judo mats: Tatame
24. Holddown! (referee's call): Osae Komi
25. Holddown broken! (referee's call): Toketa
26 One point! (referee's award): Ippon
27 Almost ippon!(referee's award, 1/2 point): Waza Ari
28 Near wazaari! (referee's award: Yuko
29 Near yuko! (referee's award): Koka
30 That is all! (referee's call): Sore made
31 Sixth class (kyu) judo rank: Rokyu/Rokkyu
32 Yes!: Hai
33 No!: Iie
34 Please: Onegai Shimasu
35 Thank you: Domo Arigato
36. Note! (referee's call for slight penalty): Shido
37 and 38 removed due to rule change
39. Loss by rule violation (referee's call): Hansoku Make
40. Decision! (call by referee for judges' decision):Hantei
41. Don't move! (referee's call): Sono Mama
42. Continue! (referee call): Yoshi
43. Fundamental natural posture: Shizen Hontai
44. Fundamental defensive posture: Jigo Hontai
45. Off balance: Kuzushi
46. Entry into a throw: Tsukuri
47. Execution of a throw: Kake
48. Sweeping action done with the leg: Harai/Barai
49. Reaping action done with the leg: Gari
50. Dashing action done with the leg: Gake/Kake
51. Springing action done with the leg: Hane
52. Throw (noun): Nage
53. Technique(s): Waza
54. Throwing technique(s): Nage Waza
55. Hand: Te
56. Hand techniques: Te Waza
57. Foot or Leg: Ashi
58. Foot techniques: Ashi Waza
59. Big or major: O
60. Little or minor: Ko
61. Waist or hip: Goshi/Koshi
62. Waist or hip techniques: Koshi Waza
63. Major hip throw: Ogoshi
64. Outside: Soto
65. Inside: Uchi
66. Major outside reaping throw: OsotoGari
67. Internal force or spiritual energy: Ki
68. Shout to gather inner strength: Kiai
69. Decision win! (referee's award): Yusei Gachi
70. Draw match! (referee s award): Hiki Waki
71. A full point by adding two wazaariscores: Waza Ari Awasete Ippon
72. Grappling techniques: Katame Waza
73. Techniques from a supine position: Newaza
74. Holding techniques: Osaekomi Waza
75. Choke: Shime/Jime
76. Choking techniques: Shime Waza
77. Joint locking techniques: Kansetsu Waza
78. The principle of gentleness or giving way: Ju
79. Way of life: Do
80. Gentle way: Judo
81. Gentle arts: Jujitsu
82. Favorite technique: Tokui Waza
83. Way of the warrior: Bushido
84. Martial arts: Budo
85. Class of belt ranks in judo below black belt:Kyu
86. Step or degree in the black belt ranks: Dan
87. Holder of any black belt rank: Yudansha
88. Holder of any rank below black belt:Mudansha
89. Black belt association: Yudanshakai
90. Repetition attack practice without throwing, done with partner: Uchi Komi
91. Alternate throwing practice without resistance, done with partner: Sute Geiko
92. Solo practice: Tandoku Renshu
93. Practice in pairs: Sotai Renshu
94. Practice in general: Keiko
95. Fourth class (kyu) judo rank: Yonkyu
96. Kneeling bow: Zarei
97. Standing bow: Ritsurei
98. Knee: Hiza
99. Lock or Hold: Gatame
100. Wheel: Guruma
101. Side or lateral: Yoko
102. Fifth class (kyu) judo rank: Gokyu
103. Formal eight directions of offbalancing: Happo No Kuzushi
104. Third class (kyu) judo rank: Sankyu
105. Second class (kyu) judo rank: Nikyu
106. First class (kyu) judo rank: Ikkyu
107. Meditate! (command at close of class): Mokuso
108. Five stages of throwing techniques, the basic syllabus of Kodokan Judo: Gokyu No Waza
109. Newly certified throwing techniques of Kodokan Judo: Shinmesho No Waza
110. Instantaneous promotion: Batsugun
111. Sacrifice: Sutemi
112. Throwing from a standing position: Tachi Waza
113. Throwing techniques done by falling on one's back or side: Sutemi Waza
114. Back falling sacrifice throws: Ma Sutemi Waza
115. Side falling sacrifice throws: Yoko Sutemi Waza
116. Striking techniques to vital areas: Atemi Waza
117. Judo uniform belt: Obi
118. Judo uniform jacket: Uwagi
119. Judo uniform pants: Zubon
120. Judo uniform sleeve: Sode
121. Judo uniform lapel: Eri
122. Illegal act of locking the legs around the torso of an opponent: Dojime
123. Warmup exercises in judo: Junbi Undo
124. Coolingoff exercises in judo: Shumatsu
125. Exercises in general: Taiso
126. Variation (of a technique): Kuzure
127. Counter technique: Kaeshi Waza
128. . Combination or faking technique: Renwaku Waza
129. Four comers (as in pins): Shiho
130. I surrender! :Maitta
131. Forms of gripping an opponent: Kumi Kata
132. Normal: Naimi
133. Reverse: Gyaku
134. Cross : Juji
135. Arm: Ude
136. Armpit: Wake

General Info

1. What is the name of your club? Tennessee BJJ and Judo Club
2. Name of Instructor? Rick Sparks
3. What is the name of your judo organization? USJA-United States Judo Association
4. Who was the founder of judo? Dr. Jigoro Kano
5. What is the name of the school he founded? The Kodokan
6. What is the date of the founding of Kodokan Judo? 1882
7. What was unarmed combat called in Japan before judo? Jujitsu
8. How long had unarmed combat martial arts been practiced in Japan? About 600 to 1000 years
9. Name the three parts of unarmed combat in:
a. Throwing Techniques / Nage Waza
b. Grappling Techniques / Katami Waza
c. Striking Techniques / Atemi Waza
10. Name the three parts of a judo throw in English and Japanese.
a. Offbalance/ Kuzushi
b. Entry / Tsukuri
c. Completion / Kake
11. List the belt ranks in order by color: White, Yellow, Orange, Green, Brown, Black
12. Name the two divisions of throwing techniques in English and Japanese.
a. Standing Techniques / Tachi Waza
b. Sacrificing Techniques / Sutemi Waza
13. Name the three divisions of standing throwing techniques in English and Japanese.
a. Hand Techniques / Te Waza
b. Hip Techniques / Koshi Waza
c. Foot & Leg Techniques / Ashi Waza
14. Name the two divisions of sacrifice throwing techniques in English and Japanese.
a. Back Sacrificing Techniques / Ma Sutemi Waza
b. Side Sacrificing Techniques / Yoko Sutemi Waza
15. What are the ordinal numbers between one and ten in Japanese?
16. Name the three divisions of mat techniques in English and Japanese.
a. Holding Techniques / Osaikomi Waza
b. Strangulation Techniques / Shime Waza
c. Joint Lock Techniques / Kansetsu Waza
17. Name three of the eight men who attained 10th degree black belt (Judan) in judo while they were still alive.
Yoshiaki Yamashita-1935
Hidekazu Nagaoka-1937
Hajime Isogai-1937
Kyuzo Mifune-1945
Kunisaburo Iizuka-1948
Shotara Tabata-1948
Sumiyuki Kotani-1984
18. What are the two principles of Kodokan Judo as defined by Dr. Kano?
a. Mutual benefit and welfare - Jita Kyoei
b. Maximum efficiency - Seiroyku Zenyo
19. What is the ultimate goal of judo as defined by Dr. Kano? The harmonious development and eventual perfection of the human character
20. What does the acronym G.E.T. P.A.D. (tactical variables for randori/shiai) stand for?
Edge of mat
Angle of attack
Direction of movement
21. What year was judo first introduced into the summer Olympic games? 1964
22. Who were the four men on the first U.S. Olympic judo team? Ben Campbell, Jim Bregman, George Harris, Paul Maruyama23. Which American placed the first time judo was included at the Olympics, and what place did he win? Jim Bregman Bronze
24. Name the six kyu ranks and colored belts from highest to lowest rank (do not list White Belt):
a. Brown - Ikkyu
b. Brown - Nikyu
c. Brown - Sankyu
d. Green - Yonkyu
e. Orange - Gokyu
f. Yellow - Rokyu
25. Name (Japanese Name) the 10 black belt ranks in order:
26. What does the word "JUDO" mean in English? The Gentle Way